Configuring Clang Static Analyzer and checkers

Analyzer Configuration

The analysis can be configured using analyzer wide configuration parameters. These parameters may have effect on the whole analysis, affecting the result of all checkers.

Listing the available configuration options: CodeChecker analyzers --analyzer-config clangsa --details

Setting analyzer configuration options: CodeChecker analyze --analyzer-config <key=value>

You can find a comprehensive list of analyzer configuration options at the clang static analyzer documentation pages.

Checker Configuration

Clang Static Analyzer checkers can be enabled and disabled using the CodeChekcer analyze --enable <checker_name> --disable <checker_name> flags. You can list/enable/disable all checkers for Clang Static Analyzer, except for the developer (debug and modeling) checkers.

Some checkers can be customized using checker specific configuration options.

These can be listed using the CodeChecker checkers --checker-config command and can be set by CodeChecker analyze --checker-config clangsa:<option-name>=<value>.

You can find the documentation of the configuration options at the Clang Static Analyzer checkers page.

Clang Static Analyzer Special Configuration Options

In special cases, when the checker and analyzer configurability that is provided by CodeChecker is not enough, the Clang Static analyzer configuration can be extended through the --saargs analysis option. The content of the saargs file are forwarded as arguments without modification to the Clang Static Analyzer:

CodeChecker analyze --saargs static_analyzer.cfg

In the static_analyzer.cfg file various static analyzer and checker related configuration options can be configured like this:

-Xclang -analyzer-config -Xclang unix.Malloc:Optimistic=true -Xclang -analyzer-max-loop -Xclang 20

__Before every configuration option '-Xclang' argument should be written and all the configuration options sould be in one line! __

In the static_analyzer.cfg example file we set a checker specific configuration option unix.Malloc:Optimistic=true for the unix.Malloc checker and a static analyzer configuration option analyzer-max-loop (the maximum number of times the analyzer will go through a loop, the default value is 4).

Enabling developer checkers

You cannot enable/disable developer checkers in CodeChecker using the --enable or --disable flags.

These (debug and modeling) checkers should not be used normally. They are typically used by ClangSA developers debug the analysis or to write test cases. These checkers can be listed by clang -cc1 -analyzer-checker-help-developer.

If they are needed, they can be switched on using the following command CodeChecker analyzer --saarg saarg.config, where the content of saarg.config is for example -Xclang -analyzer-checker=debug.ExprInspection.

Z3 Theorem Prover

The Clang Static Analyzer supports using the Z3 Theorem Prover from Microsoft Research as an external constraint solver. This allows reasoning over more complex queries, but performance is expected to be 15-20 times slower than the default range-based constraint solver engine.

To enable the Z3 solver backend, Clang must be built with the LLVM_ENABLE_Z3_SOLVER=ON compile-time option (for versions earlier than 9.0, CLANG_ANALYZER_BUILD_Z3=ON must be used instead!), and the -Xanalyzer -analyzer-constraints=z3 arguments passed at runtime. CodeChecker will automatically detect whether Clang was built with this option and you don't have to pass these arguments to the analyzer command itself when using CodeChecker, you just have to run the CodeChecker analyze command with the --z3 option.

You can read more about Z3 Theorem Prover here.

Use Z3 SMT Solver to validate reports

Z3 SMT Solver can reduce the number of false positive bugs reported to the user by the Clang Static Analyzer (CSA), without introducing too much overhead to the analysis.

The bug refutation in the static analyzer is disabled by default and it’s hidden behind the flag --crosscheck-with-z3. Once the user has a version of clang built with Z3, the bug refutation can be enabled by passing --analyzer-config clangsa:crosscheck-with-z3=true when calling the clang static analyzer. CodeChecker will automatically detect that the Clang was built with this option and you don't have to pass these arguments to the analyzer command itself when using CodeChecker, you just have to run the CodeChecker analyze command with the --z3-refutation option.

You can read more about refutation with the Z3 SMT Solver here.

Configuring Clang-Tidy

Configuring the analyzer and checkers

You can configure the clang-tidy analyzer and its checkers through CodeChecker with the --analyzer-config and the --checker-config flags of CodeChecker analyze/check commands as described in sections Analyzer Configuration and Checker Configuration.

Using Clang-Tidy configuration files

If you want to control the configuration of clang-tidy from the .clang-tidy configuration files (instead of the CodeChecker command line) you can use the clang-tidy:take-config-from-directory=true option. It will skip setting the checkers and checker configuration from CodeChecker (even if a profile was specified).

Then clang-tidy will attempt to read configuration for each analyzed source file from a .clang-tidy file located in the closest parent directory of the analyzed source file.

So by executing CodeChecker analyze compile_commands.json -o ./reports --analyzer-config 'clang-tidy:take-config-from-directory=true', CodeChecker will generate a clang-tidy command which will NOT contain the -checks option at all so your .clang-tidy file will take precedence.

The .clang-tidy configuration file can be in JSON or YAML format.


  "Checks": "clang-diagnostic-*,clang-analyzer-*",
  "WarningsAsErrors": "",
  "HeaderFilterRegex": "",
  "AnalyzeTemporaryDtors": false,
  "CheckOptions": [
      "key": "google-readability-braces-around-statements.ShortStatementLines",
      "value": "1"
      "key": "modernize-loop-convert.MaxCopySize",
      "value": "16"
      "key": "modernize-loop-convert.NamingStyle",
      "value": "CamelCase"
      "key": "modernize-use-nullptr.NullMacros",
      "value": "NULL"

or the same configuration in YAML format:

Checks:          'clang-diagnostic-*,clang-analyzer-*'
WarningsAsErrors: ''
HeaderFilterRegex: ''
AnalyzeTemporaryDtors: false
  - key:             google-readability-braces-around-statements.ShortStatementLines
    value:           '1'
  - key:             modernize-loop-convert.MaxCopySize
    value:           '16'
  - key:             modernize-loop-convert.NamingStyle
    value:           CamelCase
  - key:             modernize-use-nullptr.NullMacros
    value:           'NULL'

Using tidyargs option in CodeChecker

The --tidyargs analysis argument can be used to forward configuration options through CodeChecker to the clang-tidy analyzer.

CodeChecker analyze --tidyargs tidy_analyzer.cfg

Where the tidy_analyzer.cfg config file content looks like this where the configuration arguments (json in this case) should be in one line :

-config="{ "Checks": "clang-diagnostic-*,clang-analyzer-*", "WarningsAsErrors": "", "HeaderFilterRegex": "", "AnalyzeTemporaryDtors": false, "CheckOptions": [ { "key": "google-readability-braces-around-statements.ShortStatementLines", "value": "1" }, { "key": "modernize-loop-convert.MaxCopySize", "value": "16" }, { "key": "modernize-loop-convert.NamingStyle", "value": "CamelCase" }, { "key": "modernize-use-nullptr.NullMacros", "value": "NULL" } ] }"

Configuring Cppcheck

As of CodeChecker 6.20, Codechecker can now execute the Cppcheck analyzer.

Analyzer Configuration

The Cppcheck analyzer can be configured with --analyzer-config cppcheck:* parameters.

The supported analyzer configuration items can be listed with CodeChecker analyzers --analyzer-config cppcheck --details

As of CodeChecker 6.20, the following options are supported:

  • cppcheck:addons A list of Cppcheck addon files.
  • cppcheck:libraries A list of Cppcheck library definition files.
  • cppcheck:platform The platform configuration .xml file.
  • cppcheck:inconclusive Enable inconclusive reports.

Please note that for addons and libraries, multiple items can be specified in the following format: --analyzer-config cppcheck:addons <> --analyzer-config cppcheck:addons <>.

Cppcheck only supports a limited number of platforms. Custom bit lengths can be specified with a platform file.

An example platform file from the Cppcheck manual:

<?xml version="1"?>


The following limitations need to be considered when using Cppcheck:

  • The whole program analysis feature of Cppcheck is not supported. Cppcheck is invoked for every item in the provided compilation database.
  • The cppcheck-unususedFunction checker of Cppcheck is always disabled by default.
  • The CTU functionality of Cppcheck is not supported.
  • The severity categorizations are only provided for the built in checkers. Addon checkers can be used, but their reports severity will be displayed as Unspecified.
  • The Cppcheck categorization of checkers is not yet introduced into the Cppcheck label file. To enable a whole category, each individual checker needs to be enabled with the --enable flag.
  • All Cppcheck Errors and Warnings are enabled by default.
  • Cppcheck addon support is limited in terms of configuration. Checkers residing in Cppcheck addons cannot be listed through the Cppcheck commandline interface. Because of this limitation, these checkers cannot be disabled. Right now the only way to silence a report is to suppress them after the analysis. These addon checkers also cannot be listed with the CodeChecker checkers command.
  • If not configured, Native platform will be assumed for the analyzed compilation database (i.e. the type sizes of the host system are used). No platform translation will occur by CodeChecker. If another one is needed, please provide a platform file with the correct bit lengths.
  • To reach maximum compatibility with the existing CodeChecker invocation, Cppcheck is invoked with the --enable=all parameter, and all non-needed checkers are passed in as --suppress=<checker>.
  • Due to legal reasons, no MISRA rule texts are supplied.

Example invocation

CodeChecker check -l ./compile_commands.json \
  --analyzers cppcheck \ # Run Cppcheck analyzer only
  -e Cppcheck-missingOverride \ # enable the missingOverride Cppcheck check
  -d Cppcheck-virtualCallInConstructor \ # disable the virtualCallInConstructor check
  --analyzer-config cppcheck:addons=../cppcheck/addons/ \ # enable the misc checks
  --analyzer-config cppcheck:addons=../cppcheck/addons/ \ # enable cert cheks
  --analyzer-config cppcheck:libraries=../cppcheck/cfg/zlib.cfg \ # add zlib definitons
  --analyzer-config cppcheck:libraries=../cppcheck/cfg/gnu.cfg \ # add gnu definitions
  --analyzer-config cppcheck:inconclusive=true \ # allow inconclusive reports
  -o ./reports

Configuring the GCC Static Analyzer

As of CodeChecker 6.23, Codechecker can now execute the GCC Static Analyzer. The minimum version of GCC we support is 13.0.0. If you are having trouble with making CodeChecker find the appropriate binary, try using the CC_ANALYZER_BIN environmental variable (see CodeChecker analyze --help).

Analyzer Configuration

Currently, we don't support configuring the GCC Static analyzer through CodeChecker. The overwhelming majority of these configurations are only recommended for developers -- but we will keep an eye out if this ever changes.

As of now, we are not aware of any configurations for checkers.


Up to and including GCC version 13, the analyzer is only recommended for C code.

Taint checkers are still in the early phases in development as of GCC-13, so they should only be enabled for experimentation.

Example invocation

CodeChecker check -l ./compile_commands.json \
  --analyzers gcc \ # Run GCC analyzer only
  -e gcc \ # enable all checkers starting with "gcc"
  -d gcc-double-free \ # disable gcc-double-free
  -o ./reports